BUNKER - SHELTER

The concept of an individual bunker

Preface:

For the first time among our projects - a unique study: "Concept of an individual bunker". It was very important for the MOST team to approach this project not only from the structural and technological side, but also from the psychological impact of being underground in a closed environment. Nowadays, the design and construction of individual bunkers is gaining wide popularity. Among the threats from which the bunker can save us, first of all, there are military actions. In addition, there are chemical and biological weapons that also pose a threat to human life and health. In a full-scale war, having a bunker will keep you and your family safe.

Hermetic shockproof doors, reinforced concrete walls - in peacetime, the bunker will serve as a reliable safe. In it, you can store not only documents, money and jewelry, but also weapons, expensive equipment, all kinds of archives and collections. Also, it can be used as a wine cellar, study, home cinema, billiards and closed parties with friends.

 

Incoming data:
Incoming data:

Our team faced the task of developing the concept of an individual bunker, where up to 14 people can safely hide from threats and troubles for a period of up to two weeks. An important point in the wishes of the customer was the functional use of the bunker in peacetime. One of our initial tasks was to take into account and use the existing buildings and the placement of utility networks when placing the bunker on the site. After analyzing the technical task, the wishes of the customers and recommendations for the design of this kind of structures, we started work on the image of the bunker.

Image formation:

Важливу роль в проектуванні індивідуального бункеру відіграє його заглиблення. Захисна споруда може бути вбудованою, напівзаглибленою та повністю заглибленою. Вбудовані захисні споруди реалізувати вже в існуючому будинку практично неможливо. Зазвичай такі рішення проектуються перед початком будівництва. Окремі захисні споруди можна якісно і зручно розташувати просто на ділянці біля будинку. Заглиблення бункеру залежить від геологічних та кліматичних умов, адже високо розташовані грунтові води та наявні грунти можуть серйозно вплинути не тільки на розміщення а й на об’єм самої захисної споруди. Важливим є й інженерні комунікації у бункері, адже вони теж можуть вплинути на загальний об'єм та площі приміщень. Висновок: секційна схема найкраще підходить для споруд такого типу, адже в експлуатації під землею споруда з таким конструктивним рішенням зможе надійно використовуватись та триматиме міцність при різних критичних ситуаціях, які діятимуть ззовні так і з середини. 
 

Image formation:
Volume formation:
Volume formation:

After analyzing all regulatory documents and the wishes of the customer, we formed a set of main and auxiliary premises that will ensure a comfortable and safe stay of people in the shelter. Residential premises should be among the main ones. Among the auxiliary ones are bathrooms, kitchens, rooms for storing food supplies, for a diesel power plant (DES), for placing ventilation, for placing an electrical switchboard, an entrance with a vestibule, an evacuation exit with a vestibule. In this version, we used the already existing building and designed one entrance from the house, and another on the plot, which can be successfully disguised by landscaping and an interesting landscape.

Functional planning:
Functional planning:

Everyone needs their own space where they feel comfortable. Taking into account the personal employment of the customers in their everyday life and the number of people for whom the protective structure is designed, we can get the bunker area we need. In addition, the length of stay in the protective structure is important. After all, for a few days, comfort can be of a fairly simple level, and for a long-term stay, you need to develop the design, lighting and personal occupation of each person, so that his psychological state after 2-3 weeks remains at the previous level.
In this version, there are 3 bedrooms, a kitchen-living room, a bathroom, an office and 2 pantries for storing supplies of food and drinking water. There are also technical premises that will provide household needs. In peacetime, such a bunker can serve as a home cinema, a gym, a game room, a wine cellar or a bar where you can relax. Having equipped the bunker with the necessary engineering and electrical networks, it will be able to work autonomously and provide comfort.

Project team
  • Petro Stepaniuk
  • Olha Onyshchuk
  • Yaroslav Nekoz
  • Iryna Franko-Shumeiko
  • LocationUkraine
  • Project statusResearch
  • Year2022